The 10 top-performing districts
with score above 97 in the Basic Education Certificate Examination
(BECE) Pass Rate are found in the Northern , Western, Central, Ashanti and
Brong-Ahafo regions, according to the 2018/2019 Ghana
District League Table(DLT)II report
launched in Accra on Tuesday.
The Nanumba South District, in the Northern Region ranked the highest nationally, according to
the league table.
The rest were
Bodi, Sefwi Akontombra, Sefwi Wiawso Municipal and Wassa Amenfi Central all in
Western Region (now Western North).
Ejura Sekyeredumase Municipal, Obuasi Municipal in Ashanti Region; Upper
Denkyira East Municipal; and Sunyani Municipal in Brong-Ahafo
The league table
is a simple ranking tool that assesses all facets of development, including education,
across all the 216 metropolitan, municipal and districts nationwide.
It must be noted
that the report was compiled before the country was restructured into 16
regions, hence the reference to the old regions.
The BECE Pass Rate is measured based on the
percentages of pupils who passed core subjects, including English, Mathematics,
Science and Social Studies.
The average of the pass rate of the four core subjects was calculated at the district
the educational achievement level of the students who took the exams,
reflecting the quality of teaching at the schools.
The Eastern and Volta regions have the highest
number of low-performing districts (three each), followed by Ashanti (two
districts) and G. Accra, B. Ahafo, Northern and Central (one district each).
least performing district
is the Asokore Mampong Municipality
the Ashanti Region, with a score of 10.5. The lowest scoring 10 districts for
this indicator (scores equal to or less than 22) are spread across six out of
the 10 regions of the country.
report further shows that the top-performing region
in terms of the “BECE Pass Rate” indicator is the Western Region followed by B.
Ahafo and Ashanti Regions, while the Upper West is the lowest –scoring region
below Upper East and Volta.
It added that even
though Greater Accra was identified
as having the lowest poverty rate among Ghana’s regions (GLS79), it ranked only fourth after Ashanti in
terms of BECE pass rate.
Regional and district level BECE pass rates may mask
gender disparities in performance,
the report said.
is the terminal exam for basic education, which all pupils in Junior High
School 3, take every year to qualify for second-cycle education and it employs a ‘Stanin system’, which
assumes a bell-curve distribution of test scores.
The results in any year can also be compared by
gender and district to examine equality of outcomes.
Parity Index (GPI) in the report showed that only the Greater
Accra Region achieved gender parity across all subjects.
Overall, girls underperformed compared to boys in three of the
core BECE subjects – Social Studies, Mathematics and Science; and for most part
outperform boys in English,
the report showed.
Gender parities which disadvantage girls exist in
all three Northern regions
and in all four core subjects,
in the Volta Region, girls were disadvantaged in three of the core
subjects – Mathematics, Science and Social Studies.
Only two regions – Eastern and Ashanti – indicated disparities which disadvantage
boys in English and Social Studies respectively, the DLT added.
The GPI measures the relative performance of girls
and boys in different BECE subjects at regional level and GPI equal to one indicates parity between females
A value of less than one indicates a disparity
which favours boys in different BECE subjects at regional level.
The UNESCO Institute of Statistics considers any value
between 0.9 to 1.03 to indicate parity.
The DTL report
noted that based on improvements on the methodology, a more realistic picture
of social development ranking of the districts were realised, however, it cautioned
drawing of conclusions from the overall ranking “due to limited number of
indicators and quality of administrative data.”
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